For a novice qualitative researcher, some terms are quite confusing: what are differences between methods and methodology? What are examples of methods and methodology? what is epistemology and ontology? Qualitative research requires to describe theoretical framework as a qualitative researcher: what is the meaning of qualitative theoretical framework?
I have summarized my understandings as follows.
Methods – techniques or procedures. For example, interview, field observation, open-ended survey, and so on.
Methodology – strategy, plan or design linking the choice of methods to the desired outcomes
Theoretical perspectives/Approach – our philosophical stance, informing the methodology and providing context for its logic and criteria
Epistemology & Ontology – our theory of knowledge and view of reality, underpinning our theoretical perspective and methodology.