Phenomenology: writing “lived” experiences

Why experience is called as “lived experience” in phenomenological research? This question has came up with my mind at the beginning of the workshop. Why “lived”? What does “lived” mean here? What will be a synonym of “lived” here?

I found some clues when we covered Lived Experiences Description (LED) in p.88, van Manen (2001)’s guidelines for writing LED, number 4 (describe the experience as you lived through it) in particular:

1. Think about event chronologically.

2. Describe what you saw, what was said, what you heard, how you felt, what you thought.

3. Try to describe the experience like you are watching it on film.

4. Describe the experience as you lived through it. Try to avoid causal explanations (this happened because…), generalizations (this typically happens early in the morning), or abstract interpretations (I wonder if…)

5. Write in a  straightforward manner. Try to avoid beautifying your account with fancy phrases or flowery terminology.

6. If you want to use names in your description, use pseudonym.

7. Read the example for guidance.



Mark D. Vagle. (2014). Crafting Phenomenological Research. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s